Speech Connection, LLC


Speech Therapy Resources





Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to the parts of the brain that contain language. Aphasia causes problems with any or all of the following: speaking, listening, attention to tasks, reading, comprehension, and writing.

Apraxia is a neurological disorder of motor planning, which may be acquired or developmental, caused by damage to specific areas of the cerebrum. People with apraxia often cannot perform controlled, purposeful movement, despite having the physical strength and intellectual thought and desire to do so.

Types of Apraxia Speech Therapists treat are:

1. Orofacial Apraxia- inability to carry out facial movements on command; e.g., lick lips, whistle, cough, or wink

2. Apraxia of  Speech or Verbal Apraxia- difficulty planning the movements necessary for speech

3. Childhood Apraxia of Speech or Developmental Apraxia- affects children from birth

4. Acquired Apraxia of  Speech- can be acquired at any age

Autism is characterized by delays or abnormal functioning before the age of three years in one or more of the following domains:

1.  Social interaction

2.  Communication

3.  Restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities.

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) or Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD)-is typically characterized by social deficits, communication difficulties, stereotyped or repetitive behaviors and interests, and/or cognitive delays. Although these diagnoses share some common features, individuals with these disorders are thought to be “on the spectrum” because of differences in their severity.

Types of pervasive developmental disorders are:

1. Autism

2. Asperger Syndrome

3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder

4. Rett Syndrome

5. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified.

Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder, associated with the production of speech. Dysarthria is due to a weakness or incoordination of the speech muscles. Speech is slow, weak, imprecise or uncoordinated. It can affect both children and adults.

Dysphagia is defined as difficulty in swallowing, usually caused by nerve or muscle problems.

A voice disorder is an abnormality of one or more of the three characteristics of voice: pitch, intensity (loudness), and quality (resonance).

Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type of communication disorders where normal fluent speech is disrupted. This can mean stuttering, lisps, mutism, etc.